3.1.2%20alcohol%20in%20your%20body-r

3.1.2%20alcohol%20in%20your%20body-r - Alcohol Abuse&...

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3.1.2 Alcohol in Your Body See pp 419-433
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Each counts as one drink Women no more than 1 in a day; men  no more than 2 in a day  One 5oz glass wine  One 12oz bottle beer  One 1.5oz shot 80 proof liquor  One 10oz fruit cooler
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Alcohol – what is it? Ethanol is the  alcohol in  alcoholic  beverages    H  H H-C-C-OH    H  H C 2 H 5 OH
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Alcohol  yields 7kcal energy/g  not a nutrient and is not digested  absorbed from small intestine and  metabolized before other nutrients!  food content of stomach affects rate of  absorption  is potentially toxic!
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Fig. 3, p. 424 Alcohol Metabolism
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Unformatted text preview: Alcohol Abuse & Liver Damage • fatty acids build up in the liver resulting in “ fatty liver ” • fibrosis occurs as liver cells die and form scar tissue • cirrhosis = extensive damage to the liver; not reversible at this stage The Hangover – a result of • increased urination -loss water soluble vitamins -dehydration -electrolyte imbalance • irritation of GI tract • low blood sugar • acetaldehyde toxicity Consequences of Alcohol Abuse Fig 5, p428 Pregnancy and Alcohol • fetal alcohol syndrome www.nofas.org...
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