(5) Dynamics of Partner Violence

(5) Dynamics of Partner Violence - Dynamics of Partner...

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Dynamics of Partner Violence Chapter 5
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Characteristics of DV Abusers Theories on family violence do not tell us very much about individual batterers Majority of hetero DV is female who were physically assaulted by a male intimate partner (85% of perps are male, 15% are female) Intimate partner = current/ former spouse, opposite sex cohabitating partner, same sex cohabitating partner, date, boyfriend, or girlfriend Male intimate partners are the most frequent perps of adult rape and physical assault against women 76% of women who were raped and/or physically assaulted since age 18 were assaulted by an intimate (compared to 17.9% of men) Incidence of violence in same sex male relationships was found to be quite high (2 out of 5 persons reported battering during the past 5 yrs) 22 – 46% of all lesbians have been in a physically violent same sex relationship
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Descriptions of the Batterer Controlling Behaviors – seeks control over time. Dress, behavior Shows contempt and a general lack of respect for the partner Excessive name calling and putdowns, derogatory language This is not illegal – signifies emotional abuse and often accompanies physical battering Fear and Intimidation – could be a look, discharging or displaying a firearm – ultimate display of power Killing or Mutilating a Pet if assaults or mutilates pets, more likely to kill partner - punish wives for real or imagined injustices Predictor of adult violence as a child 71% of those who owned pets reported their partner had threatened or actually hurt/killed one or more of their pets (57% were actual harm) – conveys the message that you are next Manipulation – beg for forgiveness, unrealistic demand for proof of love or loyalty, coercion into sexual relations Excessive Rule Making – makes rules the other must follow, attach a penalty or punishment to failure to fulfill expectations, taking back a gift or present when “not good” Isolation – removing the phone receiver, disabling or destroying the MV, closely monitoring the odometer, locking the thermostat
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The Role of Drugs and Alcohol in Domestic Violence Almost all assailants had used drugs or alcohol during the day of the assault 2/3 used the dangerous combo of alcohol and cocaine Vast majority were repeat victims of the current assailant 2/3 were on probation or parole at the time of the assault Some victims suffered injuries severe enough to require immediate medical attention Researchers recommended: 1. Testing assailants at time of arrest for substances 2. Detoxing arrested drug or alcohol dependent assailants prior to release from jail 3. Assessing kids who directly witness DV 4. Allow DV assault victims to swear out arrests at the scene ½ of all sate inmates and 1/3 of jail inmates serving time for DV reported drinking for 6 or more hours prior to the offence ¼ - ½ of abusers have substance abuse problems Some abusers may drink to become violent
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