(6) Recognizing Child Abuse

(6) Recognizing Child Abuse - Recognizing Child Abuse...

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Recognizing Child Abuse Chapter 6
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Chapter 6 Civil v Criminal Action DA makes the decision to prosecute based on: Age of the child Seriousness of the offense Reluctance to testify Evidence Probability of successful prosecution Research indicates that violence towards an intimate partner causes a variety of problems for children and places them at greater risk of delinquency and adult criminality This indirect abuse might constitute criminal neglect
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Chapter 6 Categories of Active Maltreatment Active Maltreatment: – Injury or pattern of injuries that is non-accidental – Damage to a child for which there is no explanation that is reasonable or fitting to the injuries that the child has sustained Emotional abuse and psychological maltreatment Physical injury abuse Sexual abuse Passive Maltreatment: Action or inaction of a legally recognized caretaker who fails to fulfill his responsibility to a dependent child Neglect – physical or emotional Educational neglect Inadequate food, clothing and shelter Lack of supervision Lack of medical care Nonsupport of minor child Parental kidnapping
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Chapter 6 Categories of Secondary Maltreatment Two categories of secondary abuse: witnessing DV witnessing the homicide of a parent This can be described as the consequences of residing in a violent home 43% (4 out of 10) of abuse women lived with children under the age of 12
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Chapter 6 The Victims of Child Abuse 28% of 1999 social service reports were substantiated 87% were maltreated by one or both parents 44.7% of the cases involved a mother acting alone Children under 6 were 86% of the fatalities caused by abuse and neglect (kids less than 1 yr account for 43%)
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Chapter 6 Age: – Young children are reported as neglect victims the most – age 3 and under had highest rates (16 per 1,000 kids) Gender: – Almost equal Official stats show more sexual abuse of girls (girls 77% of substantiated cases/ boys 23%) True incidence rare for boys is believed to be equal to that of girls Race: AA had highest rates of victimization (25.2 per 1,000) – Hispanics (12.6 per 1,000) Whites (10.6 per 1,000) – Asian (4.4 per 1,000) – 3 rd National Incidence Study – found no differences in the rates of abuse by race of the child
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Chapter 6 Perpetrators of Child Abuse Over 80% are parents Females perps (mostly moms) were typically younger than male perps (mostly dads) Women account for 58% of perps Men account for 42% of perps Of all parental perps, less than 3% were associated with sexual abuse Of all perps of sexual abuse, 29% were other relatives and nearly 25%were in non-relative or non-child caring roles
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The Major Forms of Abuse
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Chapter 6 Emotional Abuse and Psychological Maltreatment Impairs a child’s emotional development and sense of well being 5% of substantiated cases involve this type of abuse
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course SOCI 313 taught by Professor Spencer during the Summer '05 term at Bridgewater State University.

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(6) Recognizing Child Abuse - Recognizing Child Abuse...

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