(7) Identification of Elder Abuse

(7) Identification of Elder Abuse - The Identification of...

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Chapter 7 The Identification of Elder Abuse Chapter 7
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Ppl aged 65 or older are the least likely to become victims of violent crime Growing old can be a time of increased fear and victimization Most probable source of violence – adult children, spouses or partners, friends and other caregivers CJ community has been slow in responding to the needs of the elderly
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Civil Versus Criminal Action Determination of type of action is extremely complex Elder victim is presumed to have an interest in protecting family relationships due to some dependence on the perpetrator Threats of abandonment or commitment to an institution make the elder reluctant to follow through with criminal proceedings Institutional settings often prefer to handle their own “problems” Civil actions include: assault and battery for physical abuse, false imprisonment when excessive restraints have been used, negligence for mismanagement of finds and restraining orders against perps – This approach can serve to free assets or provide compensation to the victims – HOWEVER the victims must be competent and able to pay the costs of litigation Criminal actions – A&B, burglary or extortion for financial abuse, and specific elderly crimes with enhanced penalties – Some states have a caretaker statute that makes it a specific crime to omit care – Advantage to this approach – court mandated counseling, removal from victim’s presence – Prosecutors make the final decision on criminal complaints
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Categories of Abuse Two general categories: Domestic – refers to the victim who lives in his own home or in the home of a caregiver Police more involved in these allegations Institutional – lives in a nursing home, foster home or group home Ombudsman, health care services or adult protective services would respond to these allegations Maltreatment may be active or passive – difference is intention
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Active Abuse and Neglect Financial exploitation misuse of restraints neglect and abandonment physical abuse Psychological abuse and emotional abuse Sexual abuse Self-neglect
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Passive Maltreatment Unintentional injury or neglect Caregiver stress is the most common cause Caregiver emotional and psychological problems or drug or alcohol addictions are all indications that the caregiver may not be capable of providing care Signs the elder may be experiencing this: Sunken eyes or loss of weight Extreme thirst Bed sores
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Chapter 7 The Victims of Elder Abuse
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32 elders per 1,000 are victims Bt 1989 and 2030 – 65 yo and over population is expected to more than double 85 yo and older group is expected to triple Ppl over 65 will be more than 20% of the population Resources will be in demand
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Age: 1900 life expectancy - 47.3 years 1987 – 79 years old Males average 72 years and females average 79 years Gender: 2002 -81 men per 100 women nationally over age 55
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course SOCI 313 taught by Professor Spencer during the Summer '05 term at Bridgewater State University.

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(7) Identification of Elder Abuse - The Identification of...

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