This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: rules and procedures to achieve desired ends. Such rules and procedures compose the red tape that constrains and guides the operation of the bureaucracy. However, political considerations also figure into the establishment or modification of agencies. The difficulties faced by President George W. Bush and Congress in establishing a new Department of Homeland Security only served to highlight this problem. In the past, political parties used positions in the bureaucracy to reward their loyal partisans. Currently, parties are able to court key constituencies or clienteles by establishing, expanding, or promoting key agencies. In other cases, politicians choose to "wash their hands" of unpopular or troublesome policy decisions by delegating them to bureaucracies insulated from political influence. In any case, bureaucracies are complex because of, not despite, the needs and desires of elected officials....
View Full Document
- Summer '08