Arrival of a Train at the Station
, early/silent cinema, camera placed like from 5
center, photography and the stage influenced it.
–Derived from literary school of authors such as Jack London, reflects historical period (post
WWI), cynical, before sound films/transition period, particularly affects characters determined by heredity,
instinct, and environment.
Hollywood Classical realism
Shop around the Corner,
Romantic idealism, good vs. evil, transparency
(can’t tell you’re watching a movie), happy ending, ideals of time, heterosexual couples, linear, objective
camera, omniscient POV, 1929-45, (WWII, Depression).
– Man and his relationship to social institutions, common/simple man, 1929-45,
(WWII, Depression), cynical against social institutions, smart, tough dialogue.
High Sierra, White Heat:
gangster fighting against society/world/police,
nod to depression.
French Poetic Realism:
Urban, working class, against industrialization, highly realistic details
– Reality of streets, expose problems, do something about them.
Marty, Mystic River.
Emphasis on characters not plot, their lives, real
looking people, regionality, ethnicity, method acting, Paddy Chayefsky influence (wrote Marty).
newsreel upfront, like documentary
on somebody’s life, usually documentaries but also fictional, V/O’s, narrator, documents of support.
Citizen Kane, Sunset Blvd., Fistfull of Dollars.
Things are exaggerated, distorted, high
contrast lighting, express interior reality or vision, set design of house, camera angles, depth of field, high
or low angles, distort or magnify certain characters or appearances, inner feelings.
Meet Me in St. Louis
(story could be HCR),
Written on the Wind
Narrative structure, experimentation of formal strategies, different way of storytelling
(episodic), emotional states conveyed, use of color (Marylee costumes), awareness of watching a film, use
of different/new technologies.
Post modern, special effects, emphasis on star, fast paced, use of sound.
– Initiate change through experimentation in film, subjective camera and editing, early
filmmaking, give up passive role and make audience active.
Soviet Expressive Realism
– Collective masses, low angles, montages, inspiring, triumph of the common
Rear Window (1954)
Genre: Male Melodrama/Thriller
Convention: follows a mystery, final confrontation between the killer and the protagonist
Thematically modernist, a sort of self-reflexivity to it (there’s an emphasis on voyeurship, the
film is basically about cinema itself and how we get perverse pleasure in watching the lives of others, and
whether or not that is a good thing).
Intertextuality: the Harper’s Bazaar