The Gilded Age ID
Gustavus Franklin Swift
(June 24, 1839 – March 29, 1903) founded a meat-packing
empire in the Midwest during the late 19th century, over which he presided until his
death. He is credited with the development of the first practical ice-cooled railroad car
which allowed his company to ship dressed meats to all parts of the country and even
abroad, which ushered in the "era of cheap beef." Swift pioneered the use of animal by-
products for the manufacture of soap, glue, fertilizer, various types of sundries, even
medical products. Also donated to orgs such as the YMCA.
(27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English Philosopher and
prominent classical liberal political theorist. Although he wrote mostly about political
theory and emphasized "positive beneficence" in his works, he is widely described as the
father of Social Darwinism, a term that Spencer never used. Spencer often analyzed
human societies as evolving systems, and coined the term "survival of the fittest." He
contributed to a wide range of subjects, including ethics, metaphysics, religion, politics,
rhetoric, biology and psychology.
Horatio Alger, Jr.
(January 13, 1832–July 18, 1899) was a 19th-century American
author who wrote 135 dime novels. Illustrated the American dream in novels.
Thomas Edward Watson
(September 5, 1856 – September 26, 1922), generally known
as Tom Watson, was a United States politician from Georgia. In early years, Watson
championed poor farmers and the working class; later he became a controversial
publisher and Populist politician. Two years before his death, he was elected to the
United States Senate. His virulent attacks on the Roman Catholic Church, African
Americans, Jews, the League of Nations, President Woodrow Wilson and the war effort
in World War I diminished his political influence.