Ch23-24 Vocab

Ch23-24 Vocab - Federico Nusymowicz Period 4 The Gilded Age...

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Federico Nusymowicz Period 4 The Gilded Age ID Gustavus Franklin Swift (June 24, 1839 – March 29, 1903) founded a meat-packing empire in the Midwest during the late 19th century, over which he presided until his death. He is credited with the development of the first practical ice-cooled railroad car which allowed his company to ship dressed meats to all parts of the country and even abroad, which ushered in the "era of cheap beef." Swift pioneered the use of animal by- products for the manufacture of soap, glue, fertilizer, various types of sundries, even medical products. Also donated to orgs such as the YMCA. Herbert Spencer (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English Philosopher and prominent classical liberal political theorist. Although he wrote mostly about political theory and emphasized "positive beneficence" in his works, he is widely described as the father of Social Darwinism, a term that Spencer never used. Spencer often analyzed human societies as evolving systems, and coined the term "survival of the fittest." He contributed to a wide range of subjects, including ethics, metaphysics, religion, politics, rhetoric, biology and psychology. Horatio Alger, Jr. (January 13, 1832–July 18, 1899) was a 19th-century American author who wrote 135 dime novels. Illustrated the American dream in novels. Thomas Edward Watson (September 5, 1856 – September 26, 1922), generally known as Tom Watson, was a United States politician from Georgia. In early years, Watson championed poor farmers and the working class; later he became a controversial publisher and Populist politician. Two years before his death, he was elected to the United States Senate. His virulent attacks on the Roman Catholic Church, African Americans, Jews, the League of Nations, President Woodrow Wilson and the war effort in World War I diminished his political influence. Henry George
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course HIST 020 taught by Professor Kearns during the Fall '06 term at UPenn.

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Ch23-24 Vocab - Federico Nusymowicz Period 4 The Gilded Age...

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