The Progressive Era
was the Democratic Party political machine that played a major role in
controlling New York City politics from the 1790s to the 1960s. It usually controlled
Democratic Party nominations and patronage in Manhattan from the mayoral victory of
Fernando Wood in 1854 to the election of Fiorello LaGuardia in 1934, then weakened
(June 27, 1869 – May 14, 1940) aka 'Red Emma', was a Kaunas,
Lithuania-born anarchist known for her writings and speeches. She was lionized as an
iconic "rebel woman" feminist by admirers, and derided as an advocate of politically
motivated murder and violent revolution by her critics. Living My Life, anarchism,
deported to Russia.
Muller v. Oregon
, 208 U.S. 412 (1908), was a landmark decision in United States
Supreme Court history, as it relates to both sex discrimination and labor laws. The case
upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the
special state interest in protecting women's health.
Thorstein Bunde Veblen
Tosten Bunde Veblen
July 30, 1857 – August 3, 1929)
was a Norwegian-American sociologist and economist and a founder, along with John R.
Commons, of the Institutional economics movement, most famous for his
Theory of the
Swift and Company v. U.S.
Keating-Owen Child Labor Act of 1916
was a statute enacted by the U.S.
Congress which sought to address the perceived evils of child labor by prohibiting the
sale in interstate commerce of goods manufactured by children. It was signed into law by
President Woodrow Wilson (who had lobbied heavily for its passage) in 1916, but in
Hammer v. Dagenhart
, 247 U.S. 251 (1918), the Act was ruled unconstitutional by the
Supreme Court of the United States (see also Lochner era).
Joseph Gurney Cannon
(May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926) was a United States
politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican Party. Cannon served as Speaker of
the United States House of Representatives from 1903 to 1911, and historians generally
consider him to be the most dominant Speaker in United States history, with such control
over the House that he could often control debate. Cannon is the second longest-serving
Republican Speaker in history, being surpassed by fellow Illinoisan Dennis Hastert, who
passed him on June 1, 2006.