Chapter 41 ID

Chapter 41 ID - Chapter 41 ID New Right political activists...

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Chapter 41 ID “New Right” – political activists and thinkers, mostly former liberals, who turned to a defense of traditional social and moral values and a strongly anti-communist position. Yuppies- a neologism for consumers identified in the advertising category "Young Urban Professional" or "Young Upwardly Mobile Professional." The acronym pejoratively describes said socio-economic demographic group as selfish, materialistic, and superficial people with excessive amounts of disposable income. Jerry Falwell-fundamentalist pastor and televangelist from the United States. He is the founding pastor of the Thomas Road Baptist Church in Lynchburg, Virginia. He also founded the Moral Majority movement in 1979, Liberty University in 1971, the Elam Home for alcohol and drug dependent men, and the Liberty Godparent Home, a ministry to women and girls dealing with crisis pregnancies. Sagebrush Rebellion- A group that attempted to influence environmental policy in the American West during the 1970s and 1980s. An extension of the older controversy of state vs. federal powers, Sagebrush Rebels wanted the federal government to give more control of government owned Western lands to state and local authorities. This was meant to increase the growth of Western economies. Ronald Reagan declared himself a sagebrush rebel in 1981. He cut federal funding for research on energy conservation and renewable energy resources. Reagan was faced with opposition with conservation organizations. This struggle presists today after changing form with the wise-use movement in 1988. George H. W. Bush undercut environmental laws helping mining, ranching, and real estate developing industries. Boll Weevils- was an American political term used in the mid- and late-20th century to describe conservative Southern Democrats. Supply Side Economics- theory that investment incentives such as lowered federal spending and tax cuts will stimulate economic growth and increased employment. Glasnost- Mikhail Gorbachev used the term to describe a program of reform introduced to the Soviet Union in 1985 whose goals included combating corruption and the abuse of privilege by the political classes. In the broadest sense, it aimed to liberalize freedom of the press gradually, and to allow for freedom of dissent. [1] The policy met resistance during the 1986 Chernobyl disaster, when authorities hid the true extent of the nuclear accident for several days. Through his policy of glasnost, Gorbachev pressured conservatives within the Party who opposed perestroika, his programs of economic restructuring. By cultivating a spirit of intellectual and cultural openness which encouraged public debate and participation, Gorbachev hoped to increase the Soviet people's support for and participation in perestroika.
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Perestroika- is the Russian term (which passed into English) for the economic reforms introduced in June 1985 by the Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. Its literal meaning is "restructuring", referring to the restructuring of the Soviet economy. Solidarity- is a Polish trade union federation founded in September 1980 at the then
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course HIST 020 taught by Professor Kearns during the Fall '06 term at UPenn.

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Chapter 41 ID - Chapter 41 ID New Right political activists...

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