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20th Vocabulary

20th Vocabulary - Jackie Robinson The man cracked the...

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Jackie Robinson : The man cracked the racial barrier in big-league baseball when the Brooklyn Dodgers signed him in 1947. He also wrote a syndicated newspaper column for a number of years, in which he was an outspoken supporter of both Martin Luther King Jr. and less so Malcolm X. Elvis Presley : A white singer born in 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi. Fusing rhythm with bluegrass and country styles, Elvis created a new musical category called rock and roll. With his fleshy face, pouting lips, and sexually suggestive movements, he was the “King” of Rock and Roll. The Weavers : Were an immensely popular and influential folk music quartet from Greenwich Village, New York, United States. They sang traditional folk songs from around the world, as well as blues, folk, gospel music, children's songs, labor songs. and ballads from the U.S., selling millions of records at the height of their popularity. They inspired the commercial "folk boom" that followed them in the 1950s and 1960s. Miles Davis : Was one of the most distinguished jazz musicians of the latter half of the 20th century. A trumpeter, bandleader and composer, Davis was at the forefront of almost every major development in jazz from World War II to the 1990s. He played on various early bebop records and recorded one of the first cool jazz records. He was partially responsible for the development of modal jazz, and jazz fusion arose from his work with other musicians in the late 1960s and early 1970s. As an increasingly well-paid and fashionably-dressed jazz musician, Davis was also a symbol of jazz music's commercial potential. J.D. Salinger : This man painted an unforgettable portrait of a sensitive, upper-class, Anglo Saxon adolescent in Catcher in the Rye. A major theme in Salinger's work is the strong yet delicate mind of "disturbed" adolescents, and the redemptive capacity of children in the lives of such young men. Salinger is also known for his reclusive nature. The Beat Generation : is a film by MGM starring Steve Cochran and Mamie Van Doren. It is a sensationalistic interpretation of the beatnik culture of the "beat generation" (and is sometimes considered one of the very last films noir to be produced.) The movie was also shown under the title This Rebel Age. Jack Kerouac : Voiced dark disillusion with the materialistic pursuits and “establishment” arrogance in the Eisenhower era. While enjoying popularity but little critical success during his own lifetime, Kerouac is now considered one of America's most important and influential authors. The spontaneous, confessional prose style inspired other writers and musicians.
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Dean Acheson : as United States Secretary of State in the Truman Administration, he played a central role in defining American foreign policy for the Cold War. He likewise played a central role in the creation of many important institutions including Lend Lease, the Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, NATO, and the World Bank. His most famous decision was convincing the nation to intervene, in June 1950, in the Korean War.
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