: The man cracked the racial barrier in big-league baseball when the
Brooklyn Dodgers signed him in 1947. He also wrote a syndicated newspaper column for
a number of years, in which he was an outspoken supporter of both Martin Luther King
Jr. and less so Malcolm X.
: A white singer born in 1935 in Tupelo, Mississippi. Fusing rhythm with
bluegrass and country styles, Elvis created a new musical category called rock and roll.
With his fleshy face, pouting lips, and sexually suggestive movements, he was the “King”
Rock and Roll.
: Were an immensely popular and influential folk music quartet from
Greenwich Village, New York, United States. They sang traditional folk songs from
around the world, as well as blues, folk, gospel music, children's songs, labor songs. and
ballads from the U.S., selling millions of records at the height of their popularity. They
inspired the commercial "folk boom" that followed them in the 1950s and 1960s.
: Was one of the most distinguished jazz musicians of the latter half of the
20th century. A trumpeter, bandleader and composer, Davis was at the forefront of almost
every major development in jazz from World War II to the 1990s. He played on various
early bebop records and recorded one of the first cool jazz records. He was partially
responsible for the development of modal jazz, and jazz fusion arose from his work with
other musicians in the late 1960s and early 1970s. As an increasingly well-paid and
fashionably-dressed jazz musician, Davis was also a symbol of jazz music's commercial
: This man painted an unforgettable portrait of a sensitive, upper-class,
Anglo Saxon adolescent in Catcher in the Rye. A major theme in Salinger's work is the
strong yet delicate mind of "disturbed" adolescents, and the redemptive capacity of
children in the lives of such young men. Salinger is also known for his reclusive nature.
The Beat Generation
: is a film by MGM starring Steve Cochran and Mamie Van Doren.
It is a sensationalistic interpretation of the beatnik culture of the "beat generation" (and is
sometimes considered one of the very last films noir to be produced.) The movie was also
shown under the title This Rebel Age.
: Voiced dark disillusion with the materialistic pursuits and
“establishment” arrogance in the Eisenhower era. While enjoying popularity but little
critical success during his own lifetime, Kerouac is now considered one of America's
most important and influential authors. The spontaneous, confessional prose style
inspired other writers and musicians.