Page 1 Humanities 1090 Mythology

Page 1 Humanities 1090 Mythology - Vasiliy Polenov - Oil on...

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Page 1 Humanities 1090 Mythology 2 The Acropolis at Athens Leo von Klenze - Oil on canvas 1846 - Neue Pinakothek, Munich The Acropolis of Athens is the best known acropolis in the world. Acropolis means high city or "Sacred Rock." The rebuilding of the Athenian acropolis after Persian sack of Athens in 480 B.C. centered on the Parthenon, which housed the immense chryselephantine statue of Athena, a masterpiece by Phidias. Although there are many other cities with an acropolis in Greece, the significance of the Acropolis of Athens is such that when someone refers to “The Acropolis” they are talking about the one in Athens. It is the site of The Parthenon. 3 The Parthenon, Temple of Athena Pallas
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Unformatted text preview: Vasiliy Polenov - Oil on canvas c.1882 - The Tretyakov Gal ery, Moscow, Russia The Parthenon Temple took about 15 years to build and reflected the power and influence of the Athenian politician, Pericles, who championed its construction. It was dedicated to the goddess Athena Pallas or Parthenos (virgin). The temple’s main function was to shelter the monumental statue of Athena that was made by Phidias out of gold and ivory, in the same manner as the Zeus statue. The classical Parthenon was constructed between 447-432 BCE to be the focus of the Acropolis building complex. The architects were Iktinos and Kallikrates (Vitruvius also names Karpion as an architect)....
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course HUMS 1090 taught by Professor Merlin during the Spring '08 term at University of New Orleans.

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