Semantics - What is semantics? Lexical semantics-meaning of...

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What is semantics? Lexical semantics-meaning of words What do you know when you know the meaning of a word? Sense vs. reference Reference: Mental images of dog-similar mental images are called prototype . Prototype is typical thought. Word meaning is the lexicon of a language. Lexicon is the words of a language. You won’t find proper names. Lexicon is a bit more than a dictionary, it includes proper names. Sense: how a word makes you feel. (Connotations-reference, denotations-sense). What sense does Abraham Lincoln give you? Proper names have more reference than sense. Some sentences have more sense than reference. There is no duck in this classroom. The “no” does away with the duck. We can’t refer to a certain duck but we can get a sense of what is being talked about. Lexicon meaning refers to the reference and the sense. Meanings are learned without being specifically instructed of it. Meaning relationships: Synonyms- words that mean the same thing (couch/sofa), (pail/bucket), (fridge/icebox) Antonyms-opposites (good/bad), (night/day), (stop/go) Relational opposites- (teacher/student), (employee/employer), (giver/receiver)
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This note was uploaded on 06/25/2008 for the course LIN 306 taught by Professor Shields during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas.

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Semantics - What is semantics? Lexical semantics-meaning of...

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