last linguistics test study guide

last linguistics test study guide - Pragmatics/discourse:...

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to voiceless stops and then it goes from voiceless stops to voiced stops t Pragmatics/discourse: Grice’s maxims of conversation: Maxim of Quality: be truthful, only say that for which you have adequate evidence Maxim of Relevance: be relevant, be on topic. Assume people are going to be on topic Maxim of Quantity: saying more or less than you need to Maxim of Manner: avoid obscurity, avoid ambiguity; be brief, and be orderly Pragmatics concerns itself with the way society constrains our understanding of language Speech act: Assertion Question Request Order Promise Threat Performative speech act: don’t describe something such as they do something. By saying them you make them true. Disembodied, action verbs Direct vs. indirect speech: part of why you would flout a maxim. Implicatures: things are being implied. Discourse: what we talk about and how; Discourse of gender (when your talking ABOUT things) Gendered discourse (something else, gendered is underlying ) Discourse : come into the possession of a 3-6 year old child that has never had or heard of about Christmas. So we tell them things about it. What is Santa Claus, etc., what is Christ, Christmas trees, carols, stockings, presents. These are some of the discourses of Christmas. Even Christmas is a discourse. Santa Claus has a discourse of this naughty or nice thing. There is a religious discourse. Selfless discourse: singing carols and giving gifts to benefit others. Discourse of X vs. X(‘ed) discourse: Discourse of X (talk about X) X (‘ed) Discourse ( using X to talk about Y ) Selfless discourse: singing carols and giving gifts to benefit others.
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last linguistics test study guide - Pragmatics/discourse:...

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