Contemporary just war theory - Akademik Aratirmalar Dergisi 2013-2014 Sayi 59 Sayfalar1-20 CONTEMPORARY JUST WAR THEORY PAUL RAMSEY AND MICHAEL WALZER

Contemporary just war theory - Akademik Aratirmalar Dergisi...

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Akademik Ara§tirmalar Dergisi 2013-2014, Sayi 59, Sayfalar1-20 CONTEMPORARY JUST WAR THEORY: PAUL RAMSEY AND MICHAEL WALZER Caner TASLAMAN* Feryal TASLAMAN** Abstract The just war theory has been discussed by philosophers, politicians and theologians for thousands of years. It started to wane in the 1600s, and only again began to gain importance in the 1960s. This work looks at this theory through a presentation and comparison of the approaches of two prominent just war theorists of the 2Ú^ century, Paul Ramsey and Michael Walzer. While Ramsey bases his theory on Christian values, Walzer bases his on human rights. In this article, we will try to focus on the essential points and weaknesses of the two theories and show that Walzer's just war theory is more consistent with the references he uses and is preferable to Ramsey's. Key Words: Just War Theory, Paul Ramsey, Michael Walzer, Jus ad Bellum, Jus in Bello MODERN HAKLI SAVAÇ TEORÎSÎ: PAUL RAMSEY VE MICHAEL WALZER Özet Birkaç bin yildir felsefecilerin, politikacilarin ve teologlarin giindeminde olan hakli sava§ teorisine ilgi 1600'lu yillarin ba^indan itibaren azalmi§, 1960'lardan sonra ise bu teori yeniden giindeme gelmi^tir. Bu makalede, 20. yiizydin en etkili hakli sava§ teorisyenlerinden olan Paul Ramsey'in ve Michael Walzer'in yaklapmlari tamtilarak ve kar^ila§tirilarak bu teori incelenecektir. Ramsey'in Hiristiyan degerlerden hareketle teorisini * Assoc. Prof. Dr., Department of Philosophy, Yildiz Teknik University, Istanbul, e-mail: [email protected] " Dr. Freelance, Istanbul, e-mail: [email protected] 1 Akademik Araçtirmalar Dergisi
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Contemporary Just War Theory: Paul Ramsey And Michael Walzer temellendirmeye çali§masma kar^in Walzer insan haklarindan hareketle temellendirmí§tÍK Bu makalede, her iki düfünürün teorilerindeki önemli ve zayif noktalara dikkat çekmeye çali^acagiz ve Walzer'm teorisinin referanslariyla daha tutarli oidugunu ve Ramsey'in teorisine tercih edilir oldugunu savunacagiz. Anahtar Sözcükler: Hakli Sava§ Teorisi, Paul Ramsey, Michael Walzer, Savarin Hakliligi, Savarin Kurallan INTRODUCTION Wars rank among those major phenomena that form human history. Three major approaches dominate the ethics of war. The first and most common of these is realism, which views wars as tools needed by nations to protect their national interests. The advocates of this view maintain that moral values are not applicable to intemational relations. The second and less common approach, pacifism, can be summed up as an "anti-war" approach. According to this view, war should never be an option in intemational relations. The subject of this work is the third approach, the theory of just war, which permits wars for morally justifiable reasons in justly conducted ways. Such questions as to who has the right authority to declare war, what the right causes for going to war are, and how the wars should be fought are all very important issues to be analyzed under the just war theory. This subject is an important topic for
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