21208 - Oil paintings on canvas but done as sketches for...

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- Oil paintings on canvas, but done as sketches for studies meant to be copied by weavers at the royal tapestry manufactory in Madrid - They show goya moving from what sems to be from earlier tapestry cartoons – sheer exuberance and the representation/imitation of joy of life, there seems to be inherent criticism in these paintings, and imply criticism but are still ambiguous (but they’re still pretty) - Critics believe Goya is moving from imitation of reality to metaphor and is beginning to imply ridicule of men and mimicking men as being too tractable and subjugated easily by women, but he’s doing it in a subtle/implied way Los Caprichos - These were begun shortly after the tapestry cartoons - They are examples of a large set or series of etchings that he did during the 1790s, after he became ill in 1792 - He suffered from a mysterious disease; no one knows exactly what it was. But it appeared that he suffered from severe bouts of depression. He felt isolated from he world after he had become death, some people liken him to Beethoven - Goya’s work after the deafness, represents a mental withdrawal from the world to an extent, but deals with fantasies, dreams, and a preoccupation with mental life and the state of the mind - Is he a realist? Arbitrary, he “bridges the boat.” When people use the term realism, they imply something different, more like Courbet. Goya is also more closely associated with romanticism, because realism doesn’t emerge until after his death anyways, and the links are clear in terms of his focus on emotion, feeling, and fascination with irrationality… - The Caprichos are small, and Goya published them in multiples. When Goa began working on these in 1793, shortly after his illness, he was working on them as part of his recovery. He continued to work on them and finally published them in 1799, and had sold 27 sets of them (he was mass producing them…they are prints). The printing press allowed circulation of paintings, obv. And reached a wide audience. Such, they had social statements, political statements, because they could reach the masses. Thus, social critiques were more present in prints than in paintings commissioned by the government - *as he wrote later, he claimed to have sold them in two days - The Caprichos also show his fascination with literature about witches. They also show a great deal of pessimism and melancholy, scary images. This is because of both the subject and the manner in which he conveys his messages. He uses very strong light and dark contrast. There’s also strong intersecting diagonals, and points of intersections. - These are the beginnings of many years of extraordinarily magical, critical statements in art that show fascination with fantasy and also with the evils of humanity (caprices of humanity…) - He was forced to give the original plates to the king, but was able to keep the leftover copies. What’s rather interesting is that the King actually made a deal with Goya. A few years earlier, once the King had come into power in 1789, he had declared Goya his favorite painter. He had learned a reputation under his
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father, Charles the third. So he was established as the most important painter in
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21208 - Oil paintings on canvas but done as sketches for...

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