case study 3 - 1 Victor Wong 5/20/08 HIST 290 Professor...

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1 Victor Wong 5/20/08 HIST 290 Professor Shaun Lopez The 1967 Arab-Israeli War: The effect of the aftermath of the war on Israelis and Arab States The 1967 Arab-Israeli War, also known as the Six Day War, represented a huge turn of events in the Middle East and is one of the main contributing factors to political, militaristic, and social unrest in the region today. The war was sparked by the combined Arab forces of Egypt, Syria, and Jordan when they decided to close the Straits of Tiran to any Israeli vessels. Israel took this action as an act of war. As a result, Israel declared war on the neighboring Arab states and eventually gained control of the Sinai Peninsula, the West Bank, the Gaza Strip, and the Golan Heights. Israel ended up with more land than it has possessed prior to the Six Day War. The outcome of the war immediately changed the geopolitics of the area and is the main reason for the conflict faced between Israel and its neighboring Arab states. Although there are several, obvious immediate changes that resulted from the outcome of the 1967 Arab-Israeli War such as a sudden shift in power in the Middle East and a reaffirmation of the strength of Israel, there were many long-term social, cultural, and psychological changes that still currently affect the political atmosphere of the region. Before the war, “the surrounding Arab states did not extend…recognition,” (Gelvin, page 271) to Israel even though most other states in the world had given Israel recognition. After the 1948 war between the Zionists and the Palestinians, the Middle East possessed an aura of
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unrelenting stubbornness towards peace. Israel saw no fault in its existence and the Arab States,
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case study 3 - 1 Victor Wong 5/20/08 HIST 290 Professor...

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