Chapter 13 Section 2 + 3 X Americans Migrate to the Cities After the Civil War, the urban population of the United States grew from around 10 million in 1870 to more than 30 million in 1900. New York City, with its business district on the narrow island of Manhattan, boasted more skyscrapers than any other city in the world. Farmers moved to cities because urban areas offered more and better-paying jobs than did rural areas. Soon, tall, steel frame buildings called skyscrapers began to appear. New York City, which had more than 800,000 inhabitants in 1860, grew to almost 3.5 million by 1900. As city populations grew, demand raised the price of land, creating the incentive to build upward rather than outward. The United States had only 131 cities with populations of 2,500 or more residents in 1840; by 1900, there were more than 1,700 such urban areas. Immigrants settled in the nation's growing cities, where they toiled long hours for little pay in the rapidly expanding factories of the United States.
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