Mid-term review

Mid-term review - Integumentary system: skin, protect from...

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Integumentary system: skin, protect from environmental hazards, temperature control Lymphatic system organs: lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, spleen, thymus Urinary system organs: kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra Endocrine system organs: pineal gland, pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid gland, thymus, adrenal glands, kidneys, pancreas, gonads Respiratory system organs: nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli Lymphatic system: defense against infection and disease Diabetes: metabolic disorder characterized by hyperglycemia (high glucose blood sugar ). There are three main forms of diabetes: type 1 , type 2 and gestational diabetes (or type 3 , occurring during pregnancy ) [1] , although these share signs and symptoms but have different causes and population distributions. They are not a single disease or condition. Type 1 is generally due to autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing cells — pancreatic beta cells — while type 2 is characterized by tissue wide insulin resistance and varies widely. Gestational diabetes is due to a poorly understood interaction between fetal needs and maternal metabolic controls. Marasmus: a form of severe protein-energy malnutrition characterized by calorie deficiency and energy deficiency . Marasmus occurrence increases prior to age 1. The signs are common characteristics of protein-energy malnutrition: dry skin, loose skin folds. Kwashiorkor: Childhood malnutrition caused by insufficient protein intake, only carbs and starches. Kwashiorkor occurrence increases after 18 months. Covalent bonds: Share electrons, strongest Ionic bonds: Transfer electrons, strong Hydrogen bonds: weak Exchange reaction: parts of the reacting molecules are shuffled around. AB + CD -> AD + CB High pH is basic – hydrogen ion concentration Low pH is acidic (7 is neutral) Diabetic coma: a medical emergency in which a person with diabetes mellitus is comatose (unconscious) because of one of the acute complications
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This note was uploaded on 06/26/2008 for the course BIO 1101 taught by Professor Don'tremember during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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Mid-term review - Integumentary system: skin, protect from...

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