Civil War Causes

Civil War Causes - Andrew Golden Mr Gruskin AP U.S History...

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Andrew Golden Mr. Gruskin AP U.S. History 13 February 2007 Causes of the American Civil War (1861-1865) Throughout history, separation of populations for political, moral, or economic reasons have divided countries and caused the waging of wars. The American Civil War, in particular, was caused by such a divide. As the North industrialized, modernized and diversified its economy, the South remained static and agricultural, completely dependent on cotton and therefore dependent on slavery as well. The American Civil War itself, lasted from 1861 to 1865 and was a major war between the United States, or “Union," and eleven Southern slave states, called the Confederate States of America. Led by President Jefferson Davis, the Confederate South declared its secession from the Union, led by President Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Party, who opposed slavery and the secession of the South. Ultimately, when Confederate forces attacked a federal military troop at Fort Sumter in South Carolina on April 12, 1861, the fighting had begun. The origins of the American Civil War rest in the various issues of party politics, competing understandings of federalism, sectionalism, and modernization in the pre-war era but mostly slavery, westward expansion, and economics. With many scholars and historians that have studied the Civil War, I agree that the most prominent cause of the hostilities between the North and the South was the issue of slavery and disagreements of its morality. The idea of secession sprang up from the bitter dispute between the pro-slavery South and the anti-slavery North. The North’s
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