Chapter 8 Study Packet - AP Psychology Chapter 8 Study...

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AP Psychology Chapter 8 Study Packet 1. What is learning? 2. What is classical conditioning? 3. What is behaviorism? What do behaviorist psychologists believe? 4. What contributions did Ivan Pavlov make to psychology? 5. Describe the Pavlov dog study. a. Describe the experimental set-up. b. Identify the different components in the study. (a) unconditioned stimulus: (b) unconditioned response: (c) neutral stimulus: (d) conditioned stimulus: (e) conditioned response: c. Why was the study significant in psychology? What did it illustrate? 6. Describe the Little Albert study. The Little Albert study was conducted by ______________________________ and ______________________________. a. Describe the experimental set-up. What did it illustrate? Why was it significant? b. Identify the different components in the study. (a) unconditioned stimulus: (b) unconditioned response: (c) neutral stimulus: (d) conditioned stimulus: (e) conditioned response:
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c. Why was the study significant in psychology? What did it illustrate? 7. Identify the UCS, UCR, CS, and CR in the examples below. UCS UCR CS CR Julia was talked into riding on the roller coaster when she was 12. The ride terrified her. Now, whenever she goes to the amusement park, she breaks into a cold sweat if she even looks at the roller coaster. Kim was sick all night after eating a bad fried oyster. Now, the smell of ANYTHING frying makes her feel nauseated. Sinbad was frightened when a barking spaniel lunged at the fence as Sinbad walked by. The next day, when Sinbad’s mother started to lead him by the house where the spaniel lives, Sinbad began to tremble and whimper. Tim was stung by a bee in the garden. Now, whenever he hears a buzzing sound, he starts to tremble. 8. Define the following terms and then give an example. (You should be able to identify the following terms on your test, if you are given a scenario.) a. acquisition example: b. extinction example: c. spontaneous recovery example:
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d. generalization example: e. discrimination example: 9. Identify each scenario as either generalization, discrimination, extinction, or spontaneous recovery.
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