Outline final project eg 1

Outline final project eg 1 - Outline for Final Project I....

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Unformatted text preview: Outline for Final Project I. Introduction: A. Cohabitation and Marital Instability 1. Why is this research significant 2. Statistics to show the relationship between the two variables 3. Define cohabitation and marital instability II. Body: A. Cohabitation l. Cohabitation violates the institution of marriage- lacking a true commitment. a. Economic advantage b. Time spent together 0. Increase intimacy d. Less complicated dissolution e. Testing compatibility f. Trial Marriage g. The people that typically cohabit are relatively young, relatively low level of education, and live in large metropolitan areas. 3. Health Effects of Cohabitation a. Physical, emotional and mental abuse J, b. Increase risk of drug abuse ’ r I I Higher levels of disagreements ‘ '7'"! '— W " "OBI: U‘figtable relationship 1. Dating is not exclusive 2. Sexually active with other partners e. Higher rates of violence among cohabiters ~ Violent relationships f. Cohabiters who have children are less likely to spend time with their children as a family. 4. How is education linked to Cohabitation? a Most educated individuals may have... ~the most liberal values about family forms ~the highest earning potential for women ~the latest marriages ages The least educated individuals may have... ~the greatest uncertainty about the economic future ~the greatest needs to share expenses ~the lowest ability to find a suitable marriage partner ~the lowest ability to convince a suitable partner to marry them 5. Why one should not cohabitate? a. Overall couples have a lower level of premarital satisfaction when compared to other living arrangements. b. Lower level of personal happiness and higher rates of B. Marriage depression c. Poor communication between the couple d. Cohabitating couples are less sexually committed and trustworthy. 1. Marriage as an institution a. b. c. d. Normative marriage- expressed in law, religion, and custom Monogamy-relationships are sexually exclusive Spouses will be parents The dissolution of wedlock 2. The Benefits of being Married a Health ~people are known to live longer lives «enjoy better mental health ~more fiilfilled ~less likely to feel loneliness b. Economies of scale ~most likely to have two incomes instead of one ~ insurance c. Social capital ~soeial networks . d. Legal rights and privileges e. Parents will be together to raise children C. How does Cohabitation ditfer? l. Difi‘ers through time— starting fiom the early 19003 to current a. Social norms about cohabitation are less negative, and harder to enforce in any case b. Contraceptives allow increasing separation of sexuality and fertility. c. The negative effect of premarital cohabitation on divorce is weakening among recent cohorts. d. The proportion of cohabitations with children present has increased. e. Cohabitation grew 72% between 1990 and 2000 3 households in 2000. g. In the 2000, there were 4,736,000 unmarried cohabitants in the United States. 2. Differ across socioeconomic groups: a. races: Blacks- black women have the highest number of cohabitation, Puerto Rican— cohabitation is more like marriage itself, Whites— cohabitation for white women is more like a transition ' to marriage b. different religions: Christian, Catholic, Mormons, Jewish, 3. Diffch among Societies/Communities: a. The community prosperity is related to successful cohabitations and marriages, and that neighborhood poverty increases the likelihood that cohabitations and marriages will fail. III. 1. Evidence is strong regarding cohabitation and its instability. REFERENCES Axinn, GA. and Thornton, A. (1992). Divorce: Selectivity or Causal Bennett, N.G., Blane AK. and Bloom “The Relationship between Cohabitation and Influence.” Demography 29:357—3 74. , DE. (1998). “Commitment and the Modern Cohabitation and Subsequent Marital Stability.” American Sociological Review 53:127-138. . (1995). “Cohabitation, Marriage, tates.” Division of Vital Statistics 1-32 Haven, Conn: Yale University Press. Fine, M. and Harvey, J. (2006) Handbook of Divorce and Relationships Dissolution. Mahwah, Ne w Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., Publishers. ’ ' . The University of Chicago Chronicle Vol. 19 No.1 1 Haskey, J. “Trends in Marriage and Cohabitation: The decline in marriage and the changing pattern of living in partnerships. Popula tion Trends, 80:421-429. Lillard L.A., Brien, MJ. and Waite, LJ. (1995). “Premarital Cohabitation and Subsequent Marital Dissolution: A Matter of Self-Selection?” Demography 32:437—457. Smock, PJ. (2000). “Cohabitation in the United States: An appraisal of Research Themes, Findings, and Implications.” Annual Review of Sociology 26: 1-20. “The Relationship between Cohabitation and Marital Quality and Stability: Change Across Cohorts?” Journal of Mmiage and Family 65:539 Teachman, J .D. and K.A. Polonko. (1990).“Cohabi United States.” Social Forces 69: 207-220. Thomson, E. and Colella U. (1992). “Cohabitation and Marital Stability: Quality or Commitment?” Journal of Marriage and the Family: 54:259-267 Wu, Z. (2000). Cohabitation: An Alte motive Form of Family Living. Canada: Oxnard University Press. tation and Marital Stability in the Hispanc -— Non-Hispanic wh‘m Non Hispanic black Fitment mama 8 8 E a .2 § ‘8 9 a Q. Source: The National Survey of Family Growth, (1995) o This graph shows that black women are more likely to experience a cohabitation disruption than either white or Hispanic women. 51.111111}, Mm“ Cohort In Divorce Risk Factor: 33? Tabk l. Detaipdu Statim'a of the Staple of Marriage: Taken Froc- En Round: of the N.- doul Sung- of Family Growth Yer: Mamet V115“: [95-11- 195 5- 1960- 15215- IWO— l9?'— 15%|)- 1954 1959 1964 196.9 1974 197‘}:' 1984 Age“ Mum < 19 1115 425 59.5 33.? 33: :93 1&9 N41 29 s 36.9 27.1. 23.9 29.0 111.1 21:! 22—23 1-1.5 17 s 1?: 19.8 19.4 21.9 2-:15 24-25 4.1 8. 2 7. 5 s ,9 9.5 14.0 15.2 :5. 11.1 5.11 7.9 8.6 9,1 13,9 25.8 Pinband's Age :1 Manage < 1.9 13.7 11.1 11: ms 111.9 8.8 15.: 21-41 24.3 :12 22.2 :18 22,2 1?.6 19.9 22-23 22.7 24.4 2.15 25.: 2-1.6 215 17.} 2.1.25 110 1.7.0 15.» 16.8 111.9 18.8 11.3 294 21.9 25.5 25.5 25.: 29.4 55.9 411.: Minna 5.1.1.5531: < 12 pan 45.11 37.3 54.7 25.? 21.1 111.1 115.5 12 years 2.7 14.? 44.? 4e 1 45.8 10 7 33.2 131.15 mu 111.1 11.? 13.3 13.1 211.1 24.4 25.? 11:» years 3.2 5.9 5.7 10.0 119 18.5 19.5 W1 Ednan'ol ‘ < 12 pm 45.0 5.79 52.5 :41 19.7 16,8 1&0 12 pan 30.9 35.3 56.8 .99 4 40.3 42.9 132 13—15711“ 12.1 11 s 139 1?; 20.5 .7 19.1 1154 yew 11.1 14.0 19.4 1?.8 117! 18,0 1&6 Plenuriul 5:11:15" Bird: .72 10.6 119 13.1: 13: 14.3 1&9 Carmen 10.1 11.3 13.2 135 11.9 1-:- o 112-: 9:11;: on»: 1.5 2.6 2.? :7 +0 55 no Hub-1nd 011119! 26.2 23.1 22.4 17.7 17.7 19.6 :17 W11} Ha Mme Eduari-‘Jn 15.3 13 a 13.11 13 s 1311 127-9 21.7 Par-ms Din:ch 8.8 8.8 10.1 1111.?r 11.3 13; 17A Cam-:11: 21.5 :15 22.11 :3 1 1-1.8 3.6 31:19 Race win: 69.5 am so 9 67:11 6119 72.? :25 Black 30.2 32.1 5: 1 51 s 23.9 23.11 23.3 0111.». 11,-; as 1.11 1.3 2.: 3.1 4.2 N 1.9151 2.9% 3.8 57 5 .545 45381 5345 3-205 Source: Demography. Volume 39~Numbcr 2 (2002) o This chart will support my information with showing marriage instability (divorce) from the 19505 to the mid 805. u The variables shown show the education, the age at first marriage, premarital fertility. All of these variables conuibute to my findings of marriage instability. ...
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Outline final project eg 1 - Outline for Final Project I....

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