Review Items for Exam 1

Review Items for Exam 1 - different units for different...

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1 Physics 6 Spring 06 Some important terms and concepts for exam 1 Here is a list compiled from all the lectures (through Feb.22). Of course not all of these will be tested, but some familiarity with these helps understand what has been discussed. "Fermi problems" (Piano tuners, oil consumption, water usage, electricity usage) Avogadro's Number: N o = 6.0 x 10 23 1 Mole (of substance with atomic mass number [or atomic weight] A) = A grams, which contains N o units speed or velocity = v = distance/time or v = d/t acceleration = change of velocity over time = v / t acceleration due to gravity = g = 9.8 m/s 2 d = (1/2)gt 2 Force = mass × acceleration Work = force × distance Power = Energy/time waves: disturbances of a medium that propagate due to elasticity of the medium Electromagnetic waves c=3.0x10 8 m/sec EM spectrum Energy units: Amount of work required to lift 1 Kg a distance of about 10 cm (0.1 m) is 1 Joule of energy (MKS) = 10 7 erg 0.7 ft-lb 9x10 -4 BTU 6x10 18 eV 3x10 -7 KWh 0.2 cal (1/1000 food Cal)
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Unformatted text preview: different units for different sizes of phenomena 1 kiloton = 4.2x10 12 J – 1 Kg weighs 2.2 lbs (force) Work=F • d Classical Kinetic Energy =1/2 mv 2 Classical Momentum = p = mv Relativity: Inertial frame Einstein's two Postulates of Special Relativity Light clock, Proper time, proper length Synchronization, simultaneity 2 Keep track of Frames of Reference in following relations: Twin paradox, rest mass, relativistic mass, rest energy or mass-energy Nucleus, atomic number, atomic mass or mass number, isotope, A & Z Mass defect, binding energy, binding energy per nucleon, fusion, fission curve of binding energy Equivalence Principle, accelerating frames, bending of light by gravity, curvature of space-time, solar eclipse, cosmology time dilation: t = t 1-v 2 c 2 length contraction: L = L 1-v 2 c 2 velocity addition u = ′ u +V 1 + V ′ u c 2 momentum: p = m u 1-u 2 c 2 energy: E = m c 2 1-u 2 c 2 = Kinetic Energy+m c 2...
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