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Hist-consitutionpaper - History of the Constitution...

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History of the Constitution Documents of Destiny Viewing Questions MWF 10:30-11:30 Volume 1: Foundation and the Colonial Era 1. What effect did the Magna Carta have on the monarchy? Barons upset with the way monarchs were ruling forced conditions upon the throne. It limited the powers of the monarch, while at the same time protecting the natural rights of the individual. This would influence the decision of American's to revolt, and impact the writing of the constitution. 2. Why is Chapter 39 of the Magna Carter important to the Americans? Chapter 39 of the Magna Carta detailed the rights of the accused. It gave citizens the right to have a trial, and the right to due process. This would be the foundation of America's own legal system. 3. What is the significance of the Mayflower Compact? When Pilgrims landed in Massachusetts, they weren't essentially governed by anyone since no European power had claimed that land. To make sure they protected their religious principles, they formed the Mayflower compact. It was essentially a form of law for people within the colony to abide by. It is important because this is the first English colony to try and establish a self government system. 4. What did John Locke believe the role of government to be? John Locke argued that all men are born with certain natural rights. Rights divined by simply being human. Rights such as ownership of property, right to life, and the right to liberty. Locke states that it is the government’s job to provide the security to protect these natural rights that we are born with. 5. What idea did Locke criticize in the first of his Two Treatises of Government?
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In the first of treatises, Locke criticized the Divine Right of Kings. Monarchs had used this excuse to do whatever they pleased, since they were “placed” by gods. Locke argued that Kings were in fact not placed on the throne by God, and that the public had a right to overthrow the monarch if he violated their rights. 6. What theory did Locke present in the scone of his Two Treatises of Government? Locke presented the social contract philosophy. Arguing that people had certain natural rights, it was the government’s job to protect them. But he went a step further to explain how this came about. Because men are social beings, they left nature to live amongst each other. This voluntary association led to the idea of government, whose job it was to protect those who consented to be ruled under it. 7. What idea did social contract theorists develop? Social contract theorists argued that people contracted consensually to be governed. Every man has certain inalienable rights given to him. These rights are protected under the terms in the agreement between the government and the publics, terms for the people to live under.
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