Final part 1-2

Final part 1-2 - Dr. Hooper HIS 105 12/4/2006 Final Exam...

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Dr. Hooper HIS 105 12/4/2006 Final Exam Part 1 The West Introduction This is part one of the final test for this course. Part II will be administered on the date listed for the final exam date and time designated for this course. The point value for this portion of test 3 is 1-15 points, graded solely on the quality, depth, and application of answers to the question being asked. Essay Component 1-15 Points 1. Diocletian’s reforms saved the Roman Empire, but they also led to the conditions that allowed the Western Empire to fall. a. What were the reforms? b. Which ones contributed to the Empire’s fall? After seeing the instability affecting the Roman nation due to a series of assassinations and political upheaval, Diocletian stepped in to put together the tatters of the great state. After ruling alone for two years, Diocletian realized that not only was the burden of responsibly to govern the entire nation far too large for one man, but that to have one man in charge of the entire empire was inherently dangerous if he was assassinated. Seeing reform as the only way of moving Rome forward, he set many of his ideas in motion:
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Diocletian’s first reform was to appoint a co ruler in the western half of the empire, and then further appoint two junior rulers to help out in administrative tasks, and take over if the current emperor were to resign/perish. This fragmented ruler ship was meant to make imperial government more efficient, and to put an end to the constant assassinations. Another reform had to do with the military. He increased the size of the military, but decreased the size of legions. This was to make then more maneuverable, but also to limit commanders’ power. He then reorganized the empires provinces, reducing their size. Implementing civil governors and military commanders in each province, he hoped to make things run smoothly in his newly evolved country. Because the provinces were smaller, it would also decrease the risk of rebellion. Diocletian then set his eyes on the economy. Freezing wages and prices, he
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Final part 1-2 - Dr. Hooper HIS 105 12/4/2006 Final Exam...

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