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Dossey 1Elijah Dossey Timothy Westcott HIS 325 The Cold War 29 January 2017 Sputnik 1: The Start of the Space Race In the years prior to 1957, both the United States and the Soviet Union were deeply entrenched in a war of progress. The two superpowers posed a tremendous threat to each other due to their radical ideological differences and beliefs. The differences between the two nations led to what would eventually be known as the Cold War. A number of significant events occurred during the war, but arguably one of the most influential was the launch of Sputnik 1. The Soviet space program launched a low-earth orbit satellite, Sputnik 1, and kickstarted the Space Race between the United States and the Soviet Union. According to NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration), “the Sputnik 1 spacecraft was the first artificial satellite successfully placed in orbit around the Earth and was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome at Tyuratam (370 km southwest of the small town of Baikonur) in Kazakhstan, then part of the former Soviet Union (cite).” The purpose of the