midterm essay-final

midterm essay-final - HIS 106 Dr. Hooper 2/28/07 History...

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HIS 106 Dr. Hooper 2/28/07 History 106 – World Civilization II Essay portion The late 16 th and 17 th centuries were a time of tremendous anxiety because demographic and economic pressures eroded the confidence and security of many Europeans. The Confessional Faith provided reassurance to specific religious followers of the various faiths that had fragmented from the Roman Catholic religion after The Reformation. It was also used to impose strict social discipline. Where different confessions continued to persist in one state, the result was violence as distinctive religious communities competed for power. Meanwhile, states determined their foreign policy based on other states confessions, and the West split into religiously driven national camps. Discuss A. How did adherence to a confessional faith help people to deal with the uncertainties of their times? Following the Protestant Reformation, the people were left with great uncertainties in their world. Now that the Church no longer held absolute control over its dominion in the form of absolute monarchs, people were left without any true spiritual guidance. Unexplainable events and catastrophes could no longer be named as God’s will, as explained by the priests. Also, because the Scientific Revolution had no occurred
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yet, there wasn’t any rational explanation for these occurrences either. With no answers, the people were frightened. Thus, the need for a binding force came to be. Different confessional faiths began to pop up to take the place of the Church, or in the case of Catholics, to revive their views in a new manner. These faiths brought the masses back under the guidance of God, but different as each different sect of Christianity tended to vary on many issues. But regardless of those variations, the confessionals brought people back in from uncertainty, because they were not ready to face the world without some sort of explanation for its happenings, religiously or scientifically. Only when the Scientific Revolution would occur, and the Enlightenment would begin, would people truly begin to realize they might not need to cling to religion to explain their world, and could move forward without adhering to a particular faith. B. What were the confession doctrines of ____ (and) C. Discuss in Detail a. Catholics The Catholics following the Reformation adhered to the decrees of the Council of Trent. A summation of the decrees is as follows: First, and foremost, it rejected the Protestant Reformation. While the initial impetus for the Reformation was the Indulgence Controversy, it quickly became apparent that the Reformers desired a thorough doctrinal reformation of the Church. They put forth the five great themes of sola scriptura, sola fide, solus Christus, sola gratia, and soli Deo Gloria. These five phrases encapsulate the Gospel: salvation is revealed in the Scriptures alone, purchased by Christ alone, received by faith alone, offered by grace alone, and is to the glory of God alone. This understanding of the Gospel
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This note was uploaded on 06/27/2008 for the course HIST 106 taught by Professor Hooper during the Spring '07 term at Mt. Wachusett.

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midterm essay-final - HIS 106 Dr. Hooper 2/28/07 History...

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