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History-Midterm - U.S History 1 Midterm Each question is...

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U.S. History 1 Midterm Each question is worth one point unless otherwise indicated. 1. The historical record for any civilization to a large extent depends on “Push” and “Pull” factors from one region to another. To what effect did the views of Luther have on early American immigrants? Lutheran ideas began emerging in Eastern Europe. Once established, many converted to Lutheran due to the corruption of the Catholic Church. This mass conversion scared many European powers that remained Catholic. Holy wars began sprouting up, and persecution began. Many people within these countries chose to flee to America. Push factors began emerging due to the wars. Religious tension brought about inquisitions; wars required men, which meant young men would be drafted and most likely die for a cause they didn’t believe in; and some new converts were being threatened with harm if they didn’t leave. America became the next logical choice for the refugees. Being called “the land of opportunity,” masses flocked to America. Some arrived in America because they were dodging the draft, others because they didn’t want to participate in the religious conflict. And still others who saw several new sprouting colonies as a haven for those of a particular faith. 2. In conjunction with the pronouncement of Luther that was beginning to make its way into Western Europe, John Locke’s views also started to affect peoples’ political perspective. What was his political perspective? (2 points)
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John Locke is what is referred to as a political philosopher. Building upon the ideas of those before him, such as Aristotle and Thomas Equinis, he adapted their ideas to what he believed. Locke believed that all man had certain unalienable rights. These naturally occurring rights are the right to life, the right to liberty, and the right to property. To protect these rights, men created government. The government is in theory binded by a social contract with the public, to rule by consent. Locke’s major contribution was his second treatise of government. In this treatise, said the government didn’t have the power to invade on natural rights. If it does, it is justifiable to overthrow that government. This rationale justified the American Revolution in the colonists’ eyes. 3. Europe’s focus upon North American essentially involved four European powers, each motivated by the concept of international mercantilism. Identify the five competing countries. Following America's accidental discovery, all European super powers wanted a piece of the action. Portugal was a big contender in the early years. Its seized gold from the American empires would make it the wealthiest nation, and thus most powerful nation. This wealth led to more powerful armies, and thus more competition in America and in Europe.
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