Psych Notes for Exam 2 - Psych notes Exam 2 Memory Cued recall tests(recalling states Recognition tests(naming the dwarves activity Savings

Psych Notes for Exam 2 - Psych notes Exam 2 Memory Cued...

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Psych notes Exam 2: Memory - Cued recall tests (recalling states) - Recognition tests (naming the dwarves activity - Savings tests (elemental tables) - Implicit memory tests - Links to testing anterograde amnesia - stimulus/response pairs (classical conditioning) - Learned motor task example 3 steps of memory Encoding - the process of converting info into a form that’ll allow us to retrieve later Storage - the process of retaining critical info for later use Retrieval - the process of accessing the stored info that we have encoded in order to use it in a situation Sensory Memory : Step in between input and encoding Fraction of a second Really large capacity Only remember info deemed relevant George Sperling - experiment Letters with tone Short Term memory: Has capacity of 7+/- 2 items Nonsense syllables example Contains info that we deemed relevant ( at the time ) Stored 10 secs -> few days -> stored in long term or thrown away Long Term Memory: Consists of info from STM deemed important Can be complex but susceptible to distortions and complete fabrications There is debate as to whether or not we actually ever forget info in LTM Memory Categories: Procedural Memories (implicit) - Mental - Behavioral Declarative memories (explicit) - Episodic - Semantic Ways to memorize: - Primacy effect : info at the beginning easier - Recency effect : the ability to remember info at the end more easily Interference
Proactive interference (new material is lost or less accurate due to an overlap of similar information) ex: classmates/flowers Retroactive interference : old material is lost or forgotten due to new material ex: lock combos Reconstruction Effect Reconstructing stories by “filling in the gaps” Recall things that never occured - Elizabeth Loftus’s work Hindsight bias “i never really liked him anyway” Improving memory: - More time spent learning - More retrieval cues - More attention put into original processing Encoding specificity - our ability to recall increased if we’re asked to recall something related first Situation dependency - more likely to recall in similar environment (classroom) State dependency - caffeine Mnemonic devices - aids memory - Acronyms (OCEAN) - Chunking - Method of loci (grocery list) Intelligence Spearman psychometric approach to find the g factor - one specific overall level of intelligence w/ outside factors (health) Sternberg’s triarchic theory of intelligence: - Three main levels: (correlate with each other) - Componential - Experiential - Contextual Salvoy and Mayor’s EI Fluid and crystallized intelligence Fluid - intelligence based on the ability to learn across all areas of interest crystallized - intelligence that is obtained through experience over the lifespan

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