Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Biology from natural philosophy to Darwin Darwins insights form the foundation of evolutionary theory Explains how patterns of

Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Biology from natural philosophy to...

This preview shows page 1 - 12 out of 30 pages.

Chapter 2 Biology: from natural philosophy to Darwin
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Darwin’s insights form the foundation of evolutionary theory Explains how patterns of diversity came to be Combined his ideas with work of many others
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Early naturalists classified life’s diversity Carl Linnaeus (1707-78): Father of modern taxonomy
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Paleontology provided evidence that life changed Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) Fossils resemble but are not exactly the same as modern species Many past species are extinct
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Geologists recognized that change was gradual James Hutton Observable processes produce small changes that accumulate over time The earth must be old William Smith Different rock layers contain distinct fossils William Smith (1769-1839)
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Smith created first geological map
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Geologists named rock formations from different periods
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Evolution as striving Life driven from simple to complex Complex species descended from microbes Microbes continually generated spontaneously Adaptation occurs through inheritance of acquired changes Jean-Baptiste Lamarck (1744-1829)
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Charles Darwin (1809-1882) Medical school in Edinburgh Preferred to study nature Trained to become clergyman at Cambridge Invited to serve as unofficial naturalist for HMS Beagle in 1831
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