Ch11 - Chapter 11 Musculoskeletal Injuries OBJECTIVE 1...

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Chapter 11 Musculoskeletal Injuries OBJECTIVE 1: IDENTIFY FOUR TYPES OF MECHANICAL FORCES THAT CAN ACT UPON THE BODY AND HOW THESE FORCES CAN LEAD TO INJURY. Class: Apply, Difficulty: Hard 1. A direct force causes injury at _____ while an indirect force causes injury _____. The point of impact, away from the point of impact Class: Apply, Difficulty: Hard 2. A _____ force is most likely caused when an ankle is injured, such as from stepping off a curb. Twisting OBJECTIVE 2: IDENTIFY FOUR BASIC TYPES OF MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURIES. Class: Analyze, Difficulty: Average 3. A victim is complaining of pain in her shoulder. What other signals would tend to make you think the victim has a musculoskeletal injury? Swelling Deformity Discoloration of the skin Inability to use the affected part normally Loss of sensation in the affected part Class: Interpret, Difficulty: Average 4. An open fracture occurs when— a. Bone ends bleed profusely, causing shock. b. A fracture involves torn or penetrated skin. c. The bone is broken completely in two. d. The bone is broken but the skin is intact. Class: Apply, Difficulty: Average 5. A person who will not or cannot move an injured joint is most likely suffering from a—
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a. Deformation. b. Dislocation. c. Broken bone. d. Strain. Class: Interpret, Difficulty: Average 6. When fractures heal, they usually leave the bone as strong, or stronger, than it was before. Sprains, on the other hand, can be more disabling than a fracture. Why? Sprains stretch or tear ligaments. In a mild sprain the fibers generally heal quickly. Since ligaments cannot regenerate, severe sprains may render the joint less stable and may restrict activity if not repaired. It may be more likely to be re-injured. Class: Interpret, Difficulty: Average 7. Muscle strains can be caused by lifting something too heavy or working a muscle too hard. What else is likely to cause a strain? a. Moving a joint beyond its limit b. A violent force to a bone c. A sudden or uncoordinated movement d. A break in a bone Class: Recall, Difficulty: Average Match each injury with its definition: 8. c Strain 9. b Dislocation 10. d Sprain 11. a Fracture a. A break or disruption in bone tissue b. The displacement of a bone from its normal position at a joint c. The stretching and tearing of muscles and tendons d. The stretching and tearing of ligaments and other soft tissues at a joint OBJECTIVE 3: LIST EIGHT SIGNALS OF A SERIOUS MUSCULOSKELETAL INJURY.
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Class: Apply, Difficulty: Average 12. A person appears to have a lump near his elbow. How might you determine if the lump is a deformity? a.
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Ch11 - Chapter 11 Musculoskeletal Injuries OBJECTIVE 1...

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