april7COM 374 - COM 374 Lecture notes: April 7, 2008...

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COM 374 Lecture notes: April 7, 2008 Language vs. communication Design features Animal Systems: Communication or language? Language: a complex sys. w/ an arbitrary connect. btwn form and meaning, that is shared by a community and is used for communication -language is a type of communication; not equal to *gestured ‘body language’ – not actually language *the signs/ visuals [i.e. traffic signs] lack ‘complexity’ aspect of language *just seeing alphabet of Morse code doesn’t = language *Many signs of ASL not iconic, thus it is a language -Charles Hockett (1960) [Design Features] *serve to characterize language, distinguish it from other communication systems *If a sys. Lacks one feature, it is communication, NOT language Design features: [DACDIP] Discreteness Arbitrariness Cultural transmission Displacement Interchangeability Productivity Discreteness: signals can be broken down into finite number of smaller, discrete parts [i.e.: pat: a, t, p, tap, pat, apt *for animals: chemical communication- signals- LACK of discreteness
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2008 for the course COM 374 taught by Professor Mcgarrity during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

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april7COM 374 - COM 374 Lecture notes: April 7, 2008...

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