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Unformatted text preview: April 14 th , 2008-How is language acquired?-Mental grammar vs. Universal grammar-Stages of acquisition How do children acquire language? *Theories:-Memorization-Imitation-Teaching/Reinforcement Memorization?-We memorize words and store them in mental lexicon?-Productivity: *The ability to say and understand infinite # of novel sentences *This must mean we don’t store whole sentences but rather words w/ patterns or rules Mental Grammar i.e. Laura ate two peanuts. Laura ate three peanuts… Imitation? Maybe children imitate what they hear their parents say [BUT] Sometimes language is NOT imitated: *Children say things parents never say:-Phonological: [fis] ‘fish’ *Overgeneralizations: when children apply rules incorrectly as a result of hypothesis-testing-morphological: past tense: goed, runned, bringed -syntactic: “I am cute, amn’t I?” Teaching/reinforcement?-Maybe children are taught rules that, when applied correctly, are reinforced by parents and are corrected when applied in error...
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This note was uploaded on 06/28/2008 for the course COM 374 taught by Professor Mcgarrity during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.
- Spring '08