April 21st - Sign Language-History-Myths vs Facts-Structure...

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April 21, 2008 Sign Language: -History -Myths vs. Facts -Structure of ASL ~Sign Language -1 in 1000 babies born deaf -90-95% of deaf babies are born to hearing parents - About 70 sign languages in the world *American Sign Language ~A Brief History 1000 BCE: Deaf had fewer rights than hearing (Hebrew Talmud) 355 BCE: Believed incapable of reason, education (Aristotle) 345 CE: Believed cursed by God (St. Augustine) 1500: Benedictine monks develop system of sign, teach the deaf ~History of ASL 1755: Abbe Charles Michel de l’Epee founds national school for the deaf in France 1817: Laurent Clerc recruited by Thomas Gallaudet to teach at first American school for the deaf 1864: Founding of what was to become Gallaudet University ~Oralist vs. Manual tradition 1870s: Alexander Graham Bell promotes deaf education using oral methods 1880: World Congress of deaf educators in Milan pass resolution to promote Oralism and suppress signing 1960s: Linguist William Stokoe studies ASL, declaring it a natural and complex language with own grammar
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