May 14 - May 14, 2008 ~Ways Dialects differ: Phonological...

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May 14, 2008 ~Ways Dialects differ: Phonological ‘accent’ Grammatical Lexical ~Lexical Differences -Southern *French: armoire, bayou, bisque -Midland *German: dunk, spritz, schmear *Elizabethan English: flapjack, greenhorn, reckon, ragamuffin -Western *Spanish: patio, plaza, padre, mesa *Hawaiian: luau, hula ~Lexical Differences -Words for ‘sweetened carbonated beverage’ *’Coke’ –South *’Soda’ – new England, California *’Pop’ –Norhtern, N.W. *’Tonic’ –Boston *’Cocola’ –Georgia, Carolinas ~Types of dialects -Regional dialects *Geography -Social Dialects *social status/class *occupation *education *Age *Ethnicity *Gender ~Social class and dialect -William Labov *New York City ‘r’-lessness *Studied variation in [r] pronunciation as it relates to socioeconomic class ~Method: -Interviewed salespeople at Saks 5 th Ave. Ave., (upper), Macy’s (middle), S. Klein (lower class) *”Excuse me, where are the ___?” *”Fourth floor.” (casual speech) *”Excuse me?”
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*” Fourth floor.” (careful speech w/ emphasis)
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May 14 - May 14, 2008 ~Ways Dialects differ: Phonological...

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