What factors (variables) moderate the attitudes of whites toward affirmative action policies? Answer from “Concern for the In-Group and Opposition to Affirmative Action” By Goff, Knowles, Lowery, Unzueta Affirmative action is a commonly studied policy in the social sciences because examining individuals’ policy preferences is a way of testing various accounts of intergroup conflict. Views on rationale behind whites’ dislike for affirmative action 1. Group dominance and advantage maximization . White’s desire to maximize in-group advantage relative to minorities drives attitudes toward affirmative action and other race-based policies. This position assumes that whites define their group’s position relative to the position of the minority group. 2. Principled objections . Affirmative action violates the principle of meritocracy. Meritocracy
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