psyc453_note

psyc453_note - PYSC 453 Article 1: Gaertner & Insko's...

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PYSC 453 Article 1: Gaertner & Insko’s “Intergroup Discriminationin the Minimal Group Paradigm: Categorization, Reciprocation, or Fear? Experiment 1 Want to show the effects of mere categorization Is mere categorization sufficient for bias to occur? -Social identity theory says yes -Social identity theory guides intergroup relations -Social identity theorists: Tajfeld, Turner and other Europeans -Tajfeld found evidence that categorization was sufficient -His research was flawed because of response options -Categorization theory says no -Categorization needs to come before bias -Who we are depends on different groups and groupings. -Group ID becomes salient and other distinguishing characteristics diminish when subgroups are united into one big group against another big group. -Ex: subgroups at USC uniting against subgroups at UCLA. -Categorization theory theorists: Brewer & Miller, Gaertner & Devidio (sp?) -Realistic group conflict theory: Sharif, Rabi Minimal group paradigm created to study characterization without the compounded effects that happen with groups in real life situations. -One example: “pc” concerns -One can’t say anything bad about “those people”. We try to stay unbiased because it is an admired social value. -But it is natural to like our group better than other groups. -3 categorizations -(1) None/No categorization -(2) Random/Arbitrary categorization -“You are A” “You are X” -(3)Meaningful Categorization (Paintings) - Do you like Kandinsky or Klee better? Kandinsky?
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psyc453_note - PYSC 453 Article 1: Gaertner & Insko's...

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