Chicano Final Review - Chicano Final Review-Mary Mendez...

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Chicano Final Review 13/03/2007 16:00:00 -Mary Mendez ENLACE (Engaging Latino Communities for Education) o Worker’s rights/ unions o Unite institutions, organizations, and communities in single-minded commitment to improving education for Latino youth. o Strategies against Pung-Kook: Filed a complaint with international labor organization pressured Addidas to join their campaign found lawyer that made declaration on the violations pressured the Korean embassy held press conferences in L.A. sent out mass e-mails aligned themselves with local organ.s and Korean Union obstacles to organizing: o company out of reach from Mexican law and NAFTA o company closed down and went to Korea o Pung-Kook was not well known in the U.S. o SITTIM had no presence in Mexico City and could not pressure Korean embassy o Workers had signed a blank agreement with the company o Corruption at the local labor commission o Geographic, cultural and linguistic barriers made it difficult to align workers
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-NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) free trade b/w Canada, Mexico and U.S. lifted tariffs didn’t allow for movement of people but it’s critical to immigration North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994, which lowered barriers to the movement of goods, capital, services, and information. But rather than include labor in this new regime, the United States continues to resist the integration of the labor markets of the two countries. Instead of easing restrictions on Mexican labor, the United States has militarized its border and adopted restrictive new policies of immigrant disenfranchisement. Free trade between Canada, Mexico, and U.S. (lifted tariffs) -IRCA (Immigration Reform and Control Act) 1986 Amnesty program Penalties for employers who hire undocumented workers o Exceptions for agriculture—made a sort of Bracero program -World System Theory Expansion of markets into peripheral societies -Push and Pull Factors civil war WWI &WWII Bracero Program IRCA WWII—Bracero program started because of labor shortage -Edward Tellas: Blames low edu. Levels of immigrants on structures of educational institutions Generation gaps—after several generations the language is lost -Hunnington: against Spanish as a 2 nd language (doesn’t consider geography) globalization—the world is getting smaller
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-late 80s, early 90s= second wave of Cuban immigrants Salvadorans and Guatemalans are the most undocumented -Hometown Associations: transnationalism movie The 6 th Section o built a baseball stadium first, then things like a well, ambulance, etc.
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