midtermreview - Risk factors: poverty, ethnicity, living...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Risk factors: poverty, ethnicity, living conditions, lack of employment opportunities, lack of school opportunities and violence o These risk facts play a role in youths joining gangs anywhere in the world o They are given a sense of belonging and identity, they give and get love from the gang o 50% of Central Americans live in poverty o Poverty alone does not cause gang formation or membership o It is most likely what poverty contributes to or poverty in contribution of another risk factor o The US gang history can assist us in understanding gang behaviors, why certain behaviors are observed o The literature suggests that class distinction, racism and bias are the reasons why gangs formed in the US and other parts of the world o You can trace gang behaviors back to colonial America, even back to the 1760s Drug Trafficking o 90% or more of the illegal drugs that are smuggled into America come across the southern border ( Mexico ) o The American and International drug trade fuels the formation of very unique relationships between domestic and transnational gangs o Media has hyped gangs, their image is amplified by their portrayal in the media. They are shown as tightly knit and tightly run, which isn’t always the case o The world drug market is estimated to be 400 billion dollars per year and is about 8% of the word’s economy\ o US research suggests that the primary source of income for street gangs comes from drug sales o The “hector model” was discussed as the sales model that represents this observation. By the time Hector sells the drugs it will have gone through a dozen hands and three countries o The US only has about 1/6 of the world’s population and consumes over 50% of the illegal drugs o Drug smuggling operations have resulted in violent clashes along the
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/29/2008 for the course INTL STDS 130 taught by Professor Valdez during the Spring '08 term at UC Irvine.

Page1 / 3

midtermreview - Risk factors: poverty, ethnicity, living...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online