{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

chapter3 outline - 3 MOLECULES OF LIFE Chapter Outline...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
3                                                                                                                                                                ______________________________________________________________________________ MOLECULES OF LIFE Chapter Outline IMPACTS, ISSUES: SCIENCE OR THE  SUPERNATURAL? MOLECULES OF LIFE—FROM STRUCTURE  TO FUNCTION Carbon's Bonding Behavior Functional Groups How  Do Cells Actually Build Organic  Compounds? BUBBLE, BUBBLE, TOIL AND  TROUBLE THE TRULY ABUNDANT   CARBOHYDRATES The Simple  Sugars Short-Chain Carbohydrates Complex Carbohydrates GREASY, OILY—MUST BE LIPIDS Fats and Fatty Acids Phospholipids Waxes Cholesterol and Other Sterols  PROTEINS—DIVERSITY IN STRUCTURE  AND  FUNCTION WHY IS PROTEIN STRUCTURE SO  IMPORTANT? Just One Wrong Amino Acid… …And You Get Sickle-Shaped Cells! Denaturation NUCLEOTIDES AND  NUCLEIC ACIDS SUMMARY SELF-QUIZ CRITICAL THINKING Objectives 1. Understand  how  small organic molecules can be assembled  into large macromolecules by con- densation. Understand  how  large macromolecules can be broken into subunits by hydrolysis.  2. Memorize the functional groups  presented  and  know  the properties they confer when  attached   to other molecules. 3. Know  the general structure  of a monosaccharide, a fatty acid, an amino acid, and  a nucleotide.  4. Know  the macromolecules into which  these essential building  blocks can be assembled  by con- densation.  5. Know  where these carbon  compounds  tend  to be located  in cells or organelles and  the activities  in which they participate. 16 Chapter  Three
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Key Terms organic compounds functional groups alcohols, —OH group monomers polymers enzymes condensation  reaction hydrolysis methane  seeps methane  hydrate carbohydrate sugar monosaccharides ribose deoxyribose glucose oligosaccharide disaccharide sucrose lactose polysaccharide cellulose starch glycogen chitin lipids fats fatty acid unsaturated saturated triglyceride phospholipid waxes cutin sterols cholesterol proteins amino acid R group peptide  bond amino group carboxyl group polypeptide  chain primary  structure secondary  structure tertiary structure quaternary  structure globular proteins hemoglobin glycoproteins lipoproteins fibrous proteins heme glutamate valine sickle-cell anemia denaturation nucleotide ATP coenzymes nucleic acids DNA RNA Lecture Outline Impacts, Issues: Science or the Supernatural? A. The ancient Greeks thought  that the oracle of Delphi delivered  prophecies from Apollo.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern