Coin Weight Standards Handout

Coin Weight Standards Handout - APPENDIX I sso ARCHAIC AND...

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APPENDIX I sso ARCHAIC AND CLASSICAL GJ1EEK COINS 'WEIGHT STANDARDS Since these are referred to so often above, the most important variants are collected here for reference. together with notes of therr principal areas of use. All figures are approximate, and only the commoner denommanons are noted from which multiples or SUb-divisions can be calculated. ACHAEAN [Italic-Achaean}: stater 8 g, sub- divided mto thirds (drachmae) and sixths (triobols). Caulonia, Croton, Metnpontnm, Poseidonia (from c. 480 replacing Campanian), Svbans, Terma, Thurii: at Taras the stater (llamosi is similar but is divided into halves (drachmae) with diobols and other fractIons.' ' The standard is so called because several of the principal South italian cctomes were founded from Achaea in the Peloponnese. AECINETAN: stater Idldracbm) 12.2 g, with drachmae and smaller fractions. Aeguia, Sicyon, Elis and elsewhere in Pelo- ponnese; Boeona, Thessatv, PhOCIS and Locus: the southern Aegean islands and Crete; Canurus, Cnidus. Named from the commercial prominence of Aegtnn, whence the standard spread to other areas; perhaps instituted as a pre-coinage standard of weight by Pheidon of Argos.
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