Ch 4- Greeks and Persians

Ch 4- Greeks and Persians - Greeks and Persians 2000 BCE...

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Greeks and Persians 2000 BCE – 479 BCE
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Greek Legends: From Chaos to Tragedy The world begins with Chaos, which produced the elemental forces of Gaia These forces produced the twelve Titans Zeus, god of Thunder, later seized control of the heavens Myths of Olympic deities portray life as an intricate web of feeling and reaction Unexpected consequences of every action The Birth of Athena Athena was said to have been born, fully grown, from the head of her father, Zeus. In this image from ca. 500 BCE, Athena springs from Zeus’s skull.
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The Mycenaean World: Heroes and Kings The first settlers called themselves the Hellenes Greek mainland and Aegean rim Excellent climate Limited natural resources Sea for trade and cultural connections Created fortunes and strong economy Cultural contact created vibrant society, willing to experiment with new ideas.
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Minoan Culture 2000-1500 BCE “Minoan” period named after palace complex excavated in 1899 at Knossos on Crete. Minoan culture prosperous and widespread Minoans invented system of writing, two scripts survive Linear A (in use by 1800 BCE) remains mysterious but is not Indo-European Linear B (appears 300 years later) early form of Greek Artist’s reconstruction of the Minoan palace at Knossos. The palace was built and rebuilt throughout the years 1700– 1400 BCE. It had nearly 1,300 separates living spaces, work rooms, storage areas, galleries, and halls.
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Minoan and Mycenaean Greece
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The Mycenaean World: Minoans and Hellenes Minoan trader-culture on Crete attracted Hellenes Many Greek legends (e.g. Theseus and the Minotaur) describe fascination with Minoan life Hellenes arrival on Crete 1500 BCE coincides with transition from Linear A to Linear B Greeks learned seafaring, commerce, writing, and government from the Minoans 1400 BCE social and commercial empire, controlled by Hellenes, began to fade Hellenes living on Greek mainland began to dominate Aegean The Phaistos Disk This disk was found in 1908 by archeologists working at the Minoan palace of Phaistos, which is on the island of Crete. All efforts to decipher the code have failed.
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Mycenaean Greece 1600-1200 BCE Internal Divisions: Mountainous geography of the Greek mainland Isolated, tribal mini-kingdoms Intense competition for raw materials, markets and trade routes Little is known about
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