Coerced treatment and coerced abstinence, diversion, probation and drug courts

Coerced treatment and coerced abstinence, diversion, probation and drug courts

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Public Policy C101 Lecture Notes April 28, 2008 Coerced treatment and coerced abstinence: diversion, probation and drug courts I. Managing Drug-Involved Offenders: California’s Proposition 36 and Hawaii’s HOPE Probation a. Non-violent drug offenders shuffled through this program i. Courts are expensive resulting in the need for these programs b. Why not place everyone in drug court i. 70,000 Californians are convicted of non-violent drug charges every year c. Amenable to treatment i. Judge decides if he thinks eligible for this treatment d. 1980s ugly period in California i. Tougher and tougher drug laws—during this period we passed the 3 strikes law 1. Crime rates dropped incredibly 2. Three serious crimes put away for 25 years to life a. Prisons 200% capacity b. Federal courts ruled this cruel and unusual e. Prop 36—first law that sought to reverse this ugly tough on crime law i. Californian’s loved it ii. 1/3 of those behind bars are drug offenders 1. they do not come better than they went in. iii. Overwhelming public support came from the want to solve this problem iv. Sentence to treatment for non-violent drug offenses instead of incarceration v. 8 billion saved in the first year 1. While its an extremely successful law at first glance a. Consider what’s going on in the rest of the country i. This same drop in crime rate occurred vi.
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