{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Lecture 16 - Emile Durkheim Suicide Some of Durkheim's...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
    Emile Durkheim Suicide 
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
     Some of Durkheim’s ideas may sound a  bit old fashioned….. “Woman’s sexual needs have less of a mental  character because, generally speaking, her  mental life is less developed.  These needs are  more closely related to the needs of the organism,  following rather than leading them, and  consequently find in them an efficient restraint.  Being a more instinctive creature than man,  woman has only to follow her instincts to find  calmness and peace.” (Suicide, p. 272)
Image of page 2
    However, there are great sociological  insights in his work Durkheim asserted that we can understand  people not by looking at the individual but by  looking at society. In Suicide , what is at first sight  an asocial act, a seemingly isolated act by an  individual which is NOT aimed at another  individual, is shown to depend on people’s  position in the social structure: whether one is rich  or poor, Catholic, Protestant, or Jewish, male or  female, determines this seemingly individualistic  and isolated fact.
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
    The psychological perspective… “Since suicide is an individual action  affecting the individual only, it must  seemingly depend exclusively on individual  factors, thus belonging to psychology  alone. Is not the suicide’s resolve usually  explained by his temperament, character,  antecedents and private history?” (p. 46)
Image of page 4
    The sociological perspective “If, instead of seeing in them separate  occurrences, unrelated and to be separately  studied, the suicides committed in a given society  during a given period of time are taken as a  whole, it appears that this total is not simply a  sum of the independent units, a collective total,  but is itself a new fact  sui generis , with its own  unity, individuality and consequently its own  nature– a nature, furthermore, dominantly social.”  (p. 46)
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
    Sociological facts… “At each moment of its history, therefore, each  society has a definite aptitude for suicide. The  relative intensity of this aptitude is measured  by  taking the proportion  between the total number of  voluntary deaths  and the population of every age  and sex. We will call this numerical datum the rate  of mortality through suicide, characteristic of the  society under consideration.  It is generally  calculated to a million or a hundred thousand  inhabitants.” 
Image of page 6
    Variation in the rate of suicide Durkheim noted that the rate of suicide varies in  time within an individual country only slightly, but  between countries the variations are immense E.g. 1860-1866 Italy had 30 suicides per million 
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern