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Lecture 8 - Engels Origin of the Family Private Property...

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Engels, Origin of the Family, Private  Property and the State The rise of monogamy
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Written:  March-May, 1884; First Published:  October 1884, in Hottingen-Zurich; Source:  Marx/Engels Selected Works, Volume Three; Translation:  The text is essentially the English translation by  Alick West published in 1942, but it has been revised against the  German text as it appeared in  MEGA  Volume 21, Dietz Verlag  1962, and the spelling of names and other terms has been  modernised; Transcription/Markup:  Zodiac/ Brian Basgen ; Online Version:  Marx/Engels Internet Archive (marxists.org)  1993, 1999, 2000.
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Central Idea General idea: the family evolved as larger  society evolved, it is not an isolated  institution Specific idea: Monogamous marriage  emerged together with private property, in  order to guarantee the transfer of private  property from the males to their male  children
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Background “Primitive” men had many different forms of  marriage, mostly collective, which mostly  were  NOT based on monogamy, male  descent was unknown Maternity is older than paternity Paternal descent is of relatively recent date  (in the large scheme of things)
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Influence of Lewis Henry Morgan   Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881. Ancient society, or,  Researches in the lines of human progress from savagery  through barbarism to civilization / by Lewis Henry Morgan  (1877) Name:   Morgan, Lewis Henry, 1818-1881.   Title:  Systems of  consanguinity and affinity of the human family / Lewis Henry  Morgan ; introduction by Elisabeth Tooker.  Published/distributed:  Lincoln : University of Nebraska  Press, 1997.  Physical description:  xxv, 590 p. : ill., forms ;  28 cm. Notes:    Originally published: Washington : Smithsonian  Institution, 1870, in series: Smithsonian contributions to  knowledge ; v. 218.   Includes bibliographical references and index.
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Background terms Engels uses the terms “savagery” “barbarism” and “  civilization”  These nineteenth-century notions roughly correspond to  current notions of “Paleolithic” and “Neolithic.” The former  refers to the gathering-hunting stage and the latter to the  agricultural revolution.” Zeitlin, 183). Civilization refers to the emergence of cities and of writing,  and therefore is “historical.” These of course presuppose  agricultural revolution and a surplus product from agriculture  capable of supporting urban life.
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Types of family: Consanguine family Engels:   Here the marriage groups are separated according to generations:  all the grandfathers and grandmothers within the limits of the family are all  husbands and wives of one another; so are also their children, the fathers 
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