Lecture 7

Lecture 7 - Karl Marx The North American Civil War Central...

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Karl Marx The North American Civil War
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Central Ideas U.S. Civil War was a confrontation between two social systems It is one of the “bourgeois revolutions” It is a “social revolution” in the sense referred to in the Introduction to the Critique of Political Economy
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Bourgeois Revolutions There is the idea in Marx of an adjustment of political structures to underlying changes in the economic terrain For Europe, as we saw in the Manifesto of the Communist Party, this transformation was exemplified by the revolutions of 1848 These represented a “catching up” of the political system, which was still feudal, to the economic system, which was bourgeois
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Social Revolution At a certain stage of development, the material productive forces of society come into conflict with the existing relations of production or — this merely expresses the same thing in legal terms — with the property relations within the framework of which they have operated hitherto. From forms of development of the productive forces these relations turn into their fetters. Then begins an era of social revolution . The changes in the economic foundation lead sooner or later to the transformation of the whole immense superstructure.
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Union & Confederate States, 1861- 1865 The South’s population was  only half that of the industrialized  North.  
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“The North American Civil War”  (written Oct 1861) Marx argues that contrary to what the London newspaper argues, the war is not really about tariffs, i.e., about the protectionist North facing the free trading South in matters of economic policy What is protectionist? What is free trade? Why did each represent a different path of development?
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What is protectionist? What is free trade? Why did each represent a different path of development? Britain “naturally stands on the side of free trade” Cotton Kingdom exported its cotton principally to Britain Articulation of southern plantation slavery with industrial capitalism Northern industrialists wanted protection. Why?
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Social System of the South Export agriculture producing raw materials for export Agricultural unit is the plantation Plantations utilize enslaved labor of Africans (and creole slaves) Plantations produce for the world market As the industrial revolution in Britain advanced, so did plantation agriculture in the South of the United States Slavery is therefore “articulated” with capitalist production, but principally with capitalist production in Great Britain Free trade in raw materials entails free trade in the importation of industrial goods
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Social system of the North Incipient Industrialization in the Cities of the North Need for protection of industries so they can develop in the face of British competition Expanding westward frontier of independent producers, not based on slavery Market relations spread Principles of free labor, free soil, free men Northern industrialists are protectionist
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This note was uploaded on 07/02/2008 for the course SOC 101 taught by Professor Mark during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 7 - Karl Marx The North American Civil War Central...

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