Midterm w/ Answers

Midterm w/ Answers - SOC 101-Lec 1 Csar Ayala, Philippe...

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1 SOC 101-Lec 1 César Ayala, Philippe Duhard, Isaac Speer 4/30/08 Midterm A Discussion- 10 points each NOTE: The enclosed answers were copied from one student’s exam. These are not the only possible answers, but they are examples of answers that touched on the essential points and did get full credit. 1. What is the central question of Engels’ Origins of the Family, Private Property and the State ? Be sure to describe the historical change Engels examines by commenting on the relationship between the socioeconomic structure of a society and the form and content of the family. The central point of Engel’s article is to show the soci0-economic links of patriarchy to private property. He gives several examples of group marriages (i.e., consanguine, punaluan, and moieties) and places them in a linear progression. He associates group marriage with savagery, hunting gathering. During the next period which Morgan terms barbarism, pairing becomes more common. In group marriage, families consisted of large kinship groups. Hints at this form are found in many different societies, but there is no proof of them, since they are pre-historic. What they all have in common is that they are matrilineal and because of this women hold a pole of respect and honor, on equal footing with men. As pairing begins, families become smaller units, but they do not break from the larger group. Women still hold a place equal to that of men. The pairing is dissolvable by either partner and the children belong to their mother. Women were dominant in the home while men hunted and gathered. Since the primary wealth was in household goods, women predominantly controlled the wealth. With the domestication of cattle animals, the balance of wealth was switched into the hands of men. Men acquired herds and at their death wealth went to their mother’s family. To pass their inheritance on to their children the mother- right had to be overthrown. Monogamous marriage in its historic sense (Engels) is both indissoluble and patriarchal. Engel’s ultimate example is the roman familia in which a man owned the wife and the children and slaves on equal terms. Engels idealizes a proletarian monogamy that is egalitarian once more, as women are placed back on an equal footing with men.
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2 2. How is a worker alienated from his or her labor in a capitalist society? A capitalist society requires that the means of production are in the hands of the capitalist. Thus the
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Midterm w/ Answers - SOC 101-Lec 1 Csar Ayala, Philippe...

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