01.24.08 Decline of Imperial Japan

01.24.08 Decline of Imperial Japan - Decline of Imperial...

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Decline of Imperial Japan 1) Fujiwara regency 2) Rise of the “private estate” (shōen) nonpublic property 3) Cloistered govt (insei) retired emperors in Buddhist monastery 4) New warrior class 5) Rebellions 6) Story of the end Regents – helps emperors legislate and run govt *Rise of the Shōen* Expansion of Japanese military power with Yamato Emishi Peasants had more land to work “Reclaimed lands” squat Not being subject to taxes and govt interference “ownership” of land Tax exempt – shrines and temples Giving temples land so they can support themselves 743 emperor decided instead of having to renew claim of lands, now could inherit it Basis of feudalism? Tax Evasion – owners determine own tax liability not emperor Erosion of authority – 300 years gradual decline in court’s ability to collect taxes Japan had a system of slavery Estate managers began to skim off the top so court’s fortune declined Owned and run by warrior families Warriors rank with district chiefs District chief responsible for drafting armies New warrior class Aristocracy Kyoto
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01.24.08 Decline of Imperial Japan - Decline of Imperial...

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