Ch. 04 - ■ Hydroxyl = OH ■ Carbonyl = CO ■ Carboxyl =...

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Click to edit Master subtitle style Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life Chapter 4
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Chapter 4 Page 1: Carbon Chemistry Organic Chemistry is the chemistry of compounds that contain carbon Carbon has 6 electrons; 2 in the first orbital level and 4 in the second What is the valence of Carbon? How many electrons does it need to be stable? Will it form Ionic or Covalent bonds?
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Chapter4 Page 3: Functional Groups Functional groups are regions of organic molecules most commonly involved in chemical reactions Six are so frequently used that you will need to memorize them. Please know Figure 4.10 on Page 64-65 of your text.
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Chapter 4 Page 4: Functional Groups The functional Groups are:
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Unformatted text preview: ■ Hydroxyl = OH ■ Carbonyl = CO ■ Carboxyl = COOH ■ Amino = NH2 ■ Sulfhydryl = SH ■ Phosphate = PO4 ■ Methyl = CH3 Chapter 4 Page 5 : Variations in Carbon Skeletons ■ Carbon can be bonded in a variety of structural forms ■ Isomers have the same molecular formula but have different structural arrangements ■ There are 3 types of isomers ■ Structural = variations in arrangement ■ Geometric = variations around a double bond ■ Enantiomers = variations around an asymmetric carbon ;easiest to recall as non-superimposable mirror images What is the valence of oxygen? A. 2 B. 6 COOH and HOOC are enantiomers A. true B. false C. Cannot determine...
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Ch. 04 - ■ Hydroxyl = OH ■ Carbonyl = CO ■ Carboxyl =...

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