Chapter 1 Lecture - General Psychology PSY 2012 Based On: I...

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Unformatted text preview: General Psychology PSY 2012 Based On: I N TRODUCT ION TO PSYCHOLOGY H I LGARD AND ATK INSON 14 TH ED IT ION DR. CYRUS AZIMI Teaching Assistant: Min Cheng MinCheng2007@yahoo.com Andres Quintero Andres.psy2012@gmail.com Mike Sweeney tamikesweenet@gmail.com Office hours by appointment: Monday 9 to 11 PSI 323 Chapters to be Studied Chapter 1- The Nature of Psychology Chapter 2- Biological Foundations of Psychology Chapter 3- Psychological development Chapter 6- Consciousness Chapter 7- Learning and Conditioning Chapter 10- Motivation Chapter 11- Emotion Chapter 12- Intelligence Chapter 13-Pensonality Chapter 14- Stress, Health and Coping Chapter 15- Psychological Disorders Chapter 16- Treatment of Psychological Disorders Chapter 17- Social Influence Chapter 1 Nature of Psychology 1. Definition of psychology Psychology is defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. It is based on two Latin words psyche (meaning soul or spirit) and logos (meaning study). The roots of psychology are traced to ancient Greek philosophers including Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. For centuries psychology was dominated by religious views. I. Beginning of Scientific Psychology Philosophers were interested in the study of mind and body and the relation between the two. However, the birth of scientific psychology is dated on 1879 when Wilhelm Wundt established the first psychological laboratory at the University of Leipzig in Germany. Later, John Watson from the school of Behaviorism stated that psychology was the scientific study of behavior, both covert and overt behavior. Covert behavior is not notices, but overt behavior is observable behavior and should be the focus of study, According to Behaviorist. Since 1879, various schools of psychology have been presented by persons studying human or animal behavior. 2. Scientific Study of Behavior Present-day psychologist focus on the study of behavior for the following reasons: a) Prediction of behavior b) Control of behavior c) Explanation of behavior d) Description of behavior I I. Contemporary psychological Perspectives A perspective is an approach or a way of looking at topic within psychology. The following perspectives (approaches) are currently used psychology....
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This note was uploaded on 07/02/2008 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Negy during the Spring '07 term at University of Central Florida.

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Chapter 1 Lecture - General Psychology PSY 2012 Based On: I...

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