history final IDs

history final IDs - Aristotle384-322 BCE. During the...

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Aristotle- 384-322 BCE. During the generation after Plato. He believed that philosophers could rely on their senses to provide accurate info about the world and then depend on reason to sort out its mysteries. He devised rigorous rules of logic in an effort to construct good arguments. Significance: provided intellectual framework that shaped thought about the world and human affairs for two thousand years. Asoka- 268-232 BCE. Began his reign as a conqueror, part of the Mauryan Empire (India). Conquered the kingdom of Kalinga because it controlled principle trade routs. Ruled through a tightly organized bureaucracy. He communicated his policies by inscribing edicts in natural stone formations or on pillars that he ordered erected. Through these rock and pillar edicts, Asoka issued imperial decrees, encouraged his subjects to observe Buddhist values, and expressed his intention to serve as a fair, just and humane ruler. Significance: he created an expanding economy and a stable government. He encouraged the expansion of agriculture- irrigation. Built roads for trade. Once he died, empire collapsed due to financial difficulties. Augustus- 63 BCE-14 CE. Real name Octavian, nephew of Julius Caesar. He defeated Mark Antony. In 27 BCE the senate gave him the title Augustus, suggesting divine or semidivine. Had 45 years of unopposed rule. He fashioned an imperial government that guided roman affairs for 300 years. His government was a monarchy disguised as a republic. He still had forms of government in place but essentially he had a vast amount of the power and he ultimately took responsibility for all important governmental functions. Importance: he stabilized a land racked by civil war and enabled the institutions of empire to take root. Bodhisattvas- Third century BCE- First century BCE. Aka enlightened being. Individuals who had reached spiritual perfection and merited the reward of nirvana, but who intentionally delayed their entry into nirvana in order to help others who were struggling. This was a new development in Buddhist thought and practice that opened new avenues to salvation and brought explosive popularity to the faith. Julias Caesar- 100-44 BCE. He favored liberal policies and social reform. Because of his youth, he escaped danger because he was not taken as a threat. He played an active role in Roman politics. He spent lots of money sponsoring public spectacles- like gladiator battles- which built up his reputation and win elections. He conquered Gaul. Because of military success, he became very popular in Rome. He made himself master of the roman state and named himself dictator. He confiscated property from conservatives and distributed it to the veterans of his armies. Launched large scale building projects to provide employment fot the poor. Roman elite organized a plot to assassinate him, stabbed him to death leading to civil conflict for 13 years. Carthage-
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history final IDs - Aristotle384-322 BCE. During the...

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